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Penny Vera-Sanso

In: The SAGE Handbook of Aging, Work and Society

Chapter 10: Aging, Work and the Demographic Dividend in South Asia

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Aging, Work and the Demographic Dividend in South Asia
Aging, work and the demographic dividend in South Asia
PennyVera-Sanso

South Asia is experiencing demographic change generated by declining fertility, reduced mortality and lengthening life expectancy.1 The outcome is a rapidly shifting population structure with a narrowing base, a youth bulge, an accelerating increase in the older population, especially in the oldest old, and an increasing feminisation of old age, again, especially in the oldest old.2 This is happening in the context of low productivity in the two sectors of the economy in which the largest number of people are employed, the agricultural and informal sectors; for the vast majority of people neither sector allows for income smoothing over the life course through savings. Further, societal aging is ...

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